One particular area that standouts is equity and the need to address and care for our at- risk populations. Another area ispublic heatlth, recent
Sattilite data has shown the massive impact that stay safe stay hmme and the reduction of combustion of fossil fuel / transportation has had on pollution emissions.,. Finally, . Another is the opportunity afforded us as we recover and rebuild out of the disruption caused by the virus to transform our future by choosing a different energy path a cleaner, greener, more resilient, sustainable path. Get back to better. REAL improvements are poosible
Now is the time. It is up to us.not noticsm Anti-racisim Acknowledge, commitment, transform. Racial equity plan. Commit to call out and anti- racison
in polices and practices and actions Seek out multiple perspectives, to first acknowledge racision and commitment to transform our policies, practices, and actions Move forward Anti-racisim learn and improve and grow.
The State of Connecticut is committed to reducing its greenhouse gas emissions 45 from 2001 levels by 2030. Governor Lamont s Executive Order No. 3
commits Connecticut to 100 carbon neutral electricity by 2040. This Energy Plan aims to achieve similar goals for West Hartford: We aspire for our entire community to use 100 clean, renewable energy by 2050.
By fostering a culture of conservation throughout our community and by making the right choices, West Hartford can address energy and climate change
challenges in a meaningful way. Over the last decade, the town has lead by example. With the adoption of this plan, we will move our community forward into a efficient, clean, inclusive, and sustainable future.
The West Hartford Clean Energy Commission compiled data from local utilities and the town s grand list to estimate total community energy use. This
use includes: Residential (homes and apartments), Commercial (businesses, including industry and municipal operations), and Transportation (vehicles registered in West Hartford, including municipal and school buses). Details on these estimates can found in Appendix 1.
Direct fossil fuel use (red on the pie chart), which is the largest contributor to green house gas emissions and climate change, accounts for over 80
of West Hartford s total energy use. Residential and Commercial buildings rely on natural gas and fuel oil for heating. While our Transportation is almost exclusively comprised of vehicles that run on gasoline or diesel. Electricity represents 17 of total energy use.
Another notable trend is the rise of solar photovoltaic (PV) installations in the last decade. There are about 700 solar installations in town with
total capacity of about 6.7 MW (or 8 Million kWh annually). About 650 West Hartford homes have gone solar. Twelve municipal buildings, including 7 schools, also have solar. Since 2014, West Hartford has been adding just over 100 installations ( or 1 MW of capacity) a year. Make just residential
Minimizing energy use must be a priority. We estimate that in order to reach 100 clean energy, West Hartford will need to reduce energy consumption
by about 50- 60 in roughly 30 years. This may seem like an impossible task, but, mathematically it represents only a 2.5-3 drop in total energy use per year. Over a five year period, it is a drop of 14 .
Some reductions will be achieved through behavior change or adoption of simple energy efficiency measures like home weatherization or installing LED
lights. But, significant reductions will depend on the adoption of new, more transformative technologies to move us away from direct fossil fuel use for building heating and cooling and transportation. For example, electric vehicles have significantly better fuel economy than conventional vehicles and zero tailpipe emissions. Electric heat pumps can deliver efficiency levels of 300 (3 units of heat or every 1 unit of energy) compared to 98 for a condensing natural gas or oil furnace. As we move away from direct fossil fuel use and strategically electrify certain end-uses, we expect the amount of electricity we use to increase. It will require policy and planning to ensure reliable infrastructure and capacity is available to support these changes (e.g., EV chargers, a modernized electric grid).
Likewise, our transition to clean energy will not happen overnight. It will involve a range of simpler, short-term solutions, such as the replacement
of fossil fuels with greener alternatives, like bio-fuels or fuel-cells, and long-term solutions like the development of storage and a modern smart electric grid, powered by distributed local and regional renewable generation like solar, off-shore wind, or other emerging technologies.
Many West Hartford homes were built in the 1950-60s and have ample opportunities to improve efficiency. Efficiency can have an immediate impact by
reducing energy bills and delivering savings year after year to increase household disposable income or pay off an investment. Many improvements have additional benefits of making a home more comfortable or increasing property value.
Typically 50 of a household s annual energy use is for heating and cooling. In West Hartford, most homes heat with fossil fuel natural gas (66 ) or
fuel oil (31 ). A typical residential furnace is about 80-85 efficient; new high- performance one can reach 95-98 efficient. However, an electric air-source heat pump can deliver efficiencies of over 300 by recovering hot/cold air allowing homeowners to lower their energy costs, and at the same time, reduce direct fossil fuel use and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Long used for cooling in warm climates, heat pumps are now able to provide efficient heating in cold climates, even at outdoor temperatures as low as -15 F. Heat pumps are capable of both heating and cooling, using the same technology as a refrigerators or air conditioners. Heat pumps can be used alongside existing heating systems to address specific needs and lower cost. They can also be a convenient way to add air conditioning to older homes.
Approach 1. Education Outreach. Increase energy efficiency awareness via multi-touch, multi-channel messaging. Use website, social media, email, tax
inserts, video, events, networking, etc. Consider using multiple languages. Work with partners like Social Services, Housing Authority of WH, WHPS, houses of worship, EnergizeCT, Efficiency for All, utilities, contractors, etc.
2. Participation Adoption. Promote Home Energy Solutions and other energy programs. Host giveaways or sign-up events. Educate about
options/technology like LEDs, EnergyStar appliances or electric heat pumps. Showcase positive examples and stories. Target specific groups such as low-to- income residents, oil-heated homes, new home owners, etc. Identify identify and address barriers (e.g., landlord permission, language, financing)
The Commercial sector differs from Residential. There are fewer often larger properties and fewer owners, including corporations, management
companies and the town itself. Building energy systems may be centralized and have high, peak demand at certain times of the day. Space heating is typically natural gas, and represents about 25 of building use. Leases or other contractual arrangements can make it complicated to align the energy and capital improvement interests of owners and tenants.
Like Residential, there are a wide range of energy incentive and financing programs available to commercial property owners to make measures such as
lighting, building controls and HVAC upgrades more achievable and profitable. Programs are available for existing buildings and new construction, as well as for regular businesses, non-profits, institutional, and municipal customers. Some projects like LED lighting can reduce energy use by over 50 - and pay for themselves quickly, yielding a high return on investment. These shorter- payback measures can be packaged with more expensive capital items for more comprehensive energy upgrades.
The town has tried to lead by example, using utility programs to implement over 5 Million of energy efficiency projects across the portfolio of
municipal properties in the last 4 years. These projects, including LED interior, exterior, and street lights and building control system upgrades have helped reduce municipal electricity use by 25 and total energy use by 16.5 from 2015-2019.
New commercial development and construction is also an area where the town can . In 2016, Charter Oak International Academy was rebuilt to LEED Gold
green building standards with a geo-thermall/ electric heat pump system for heating and colling nd solar. This schools is the district s top energy perforamce with an energy use idex, or energy use per sf in the the low 30 s kBtis/sf.
2. Participation Adoption. Promote Small Business Energy Advantage, C-PACE, LEED, Energy Star, and other commercial energy efficiency or
certification programs . Encourage the formation of green teams in buildings and tracking of energy use.. Meet with individual property owners and companies. Identify and address barriers (e.g., financing, privacy). Have local businesses and town share their success stories, projects, and experience.
3. Policy Planning. Investigate use of municipal building, tax codes, procurement, standards and recognition programs to accelerate efficiency. Work
towards zero-energy new construction policy. Advocate for increased funding and wise use of Connecticut Energy Efficiency Funds. Support applicable legislation (e.g., High Performance Building Standards).
Aiken Elementary School s annual electric use (kWh) has dropped X since installing LEDs. There is also a noticeable drop in demand. (KW). We are
savings about 2000 a month. Our classrooms have brighter, more consistent light, and maintenance cost have virtually disappeared. Results are similar in other buildings. It s a win-win. Catherine Diviney, Energy Specialist , West Hartford.